Maxand FAQs

How do I use Maxand?

  • New Construction or Renovation: Incorporate into the surface of greens and/or tees at depths of 2” – 6” using a trap rake with certain accessories or by roto-tilling.
  • Existing Greens and Tees: Incorporate Maxand into the surface by including Maxand with topdressing application following aerification and routine topdressing. Maxand can be applied at 100% rate from bags or pre-blended with topdressing material.
  • Spot Treat: Areas that are exhibiting stress due to hydrophobic soils or wear and tear have been successfully treated with Maxand applied to the surface and worked into the soil profile with solid-tine aerification.

Can Maxand hold too much moisture?

No.  Maxand will not hold excess moisture. At field capacity Maxand has the same gravitational or large pore space between particles as USGA spec sand – because Maxand is coated USGA sand – and will drain very well. Gravitational moisture is not impeded and capillary moisture movement is enhanced.

Does Maxand retain sodium?

No.  Maxand does not retain sodium. In fact, Maxand expels sodium from its immediate particle surface providing an area around its surface that is  fresh water. The expelled sodium moves from the PEG solution into the ambient water in the soil and moves with the wetting front. Sodium may then be leached from the root-zone with excess gravitational water, reducing salinity in the root-zone.

Is Maxand effective in areas other than greens?

Yes.  Maxand is also very effective on tees, practice tees and divot recovery.  Incorporating Maxand on tees and practice tees through intensive aerification and repeated topdressing will help divots repair much faster.  Also, incorporating Maxand into hotspots in fairways or mounds has proven to be very effective.

Can Maxand coated sand grains become Hydrophobic?

No.  Maxand’s hydrophilic coating prevents the accumulation of the waxy coating associated with hydrophobic soils.

How does Maxand enhance pesticide applications?

Maxand’s surface loosely binds pesticide in the root-zone, minimizing leaching loss and maximizing exposure time of the pesticide, effectively solubilizing the pesticide for delivery to the point of lethal contact with the pathogen. Maxand’s permanent wetting agent properties distribute the pesticide uniformly through the root-zone.

How is Maxand applied?

In new construction or reconstruction projects, Maxand can  be incorporated into the top of the root zone mix by applying Maxand to the top of the mix prior to final shaping.  Maxand is then incorporated into the mix using either a roto-tiller to reach 4” – 6” depth or a sand rake outfitted with specific attachments to reach a 2” – 3” depth. Since Maxand is coated USGA-spec sand, it blends uniformly into the root zone.

On existing greens, Maxand is delivered into the root-zone with topdressing material and applied during routine topdressing and aerification.

What is the application rate for Maxand?

In new or reconstructed greens, a blend of 20% Maxand (80:20) is the optimum efficacy rate.

On existing greens, topdressing after aerification with 20% Maxand is optimal.  For routine topdressing between aerifications use Maxand blend of between 10% and 20% depending on conditions.

How much Maxand needs to be applied to see benefits?

In new or reconstructed greens Maxand should be incorporated into the top 2” – 6” of the rootzone mix, using the methods described above, depending on project budget.

On existing greens, topdressing after aerification with 20% Maxand is optimal.  For routine topdressing between aerifications use Maxand blend of between 10% and 20% depending on conditions.

What should I expect to see after using Maxand?

In new or renovated greens, you should expect a grow-in period that is several weeks faster than a grow-in using a traditional rootzone mix.

In existing greens you should expect to see a markedly faster receovery from aeration, verticutting and traffic stress. You should also see a decrease or elimination of chronic dry areas that are caused by hydrophobic soil conditions, excessively deep greens mix or sand soil over clayish soil.  Hand watering requirements will diminish. Turfgrass will show a greater response to nutrient and pesticide applications and enhanced stress tolerance.

How long does it take for Maxand to take effect after topdressing?

An accumulation of Maxand in the top of the rootzone through repeated topdressing and aerification is required for Maxand to be completely effective.  Superintendents have reported significantly improved moisture-holding response after only a few applications.   Maxand enhances nutrients, pesticides and root growth once a Maxand blend has been incorporated into the top ½” – 1” of the root-zone.

How long will Maxand last?   Maxand does not biodegrade. It will remain effective for many years as long as it is uniformly mixed into the rootzone and not separated by layering of soil.